|Fields||Neuroscience (Visual Neuroscience, Computational Neuroscience, Systems Neuroscience)|
|Institutions||University College London (professor)|
|Notable awards||McKnight Scholar 2005, GlaxoSmithKline / Fight for Sight Chair 2007, European Research Council Advanced Investigator 2009|
Matteo Carandini (born 1967) is a contemporary neuroscientist who studies the visual system. He received a PhD in Neural Science from New York University and continued as a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University. After holding positions in Zurich (1999–2002) and in San Francisco (2002–2008), he is currently a Professor at University College London.
His studies focus on the lateral geniculate nucleus and on the visual cortex (V1). In the 1990s, working with David Heeger and J Anthony Movshon he refined and provided evidence for Heeger's normalization model of V1 responses.
Together with David Ferster he characterized the relationship between synaptic excitation, synaptic inhibition, membrane potential, and firing rate in visual cortex  and discovered that prolonged visual stimulation causes a tonic hyperpolarization in V1 neurons.
More recent work concerns the characterization of fast adaptive mechanisms in the responses of the early visual system, a comparison with the properties of natural images  and a test of the resulting models in the responses to complex natural stimuli.