Understanding the Brain

Matteo Carandini

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Matteo Carandini
Born 1967
Rome, Italy
Residence London, England
Nationality Italian, American
Fields Neuroscience (Visual Neuroscience, Computational Neuroscience, Systems Neuroscience)
Institutions University College London (professor)
Notable awards McKnight Scholar 2005, GlaxoSmithKline / Fight for Sight Chair 2007, European Research Council Advanced Investigator 2009

Matteo Carandini (born 1967) is a contemporary neuroscientist who studies the visual system. He received a PhD in Neural Science from New York University and continued as a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University. After holding positions in Zurich (1999–2002) and in San Francisco (2002–2008), he is currently a Professor at University College London.

His studies focus on the lateral geniculate nucleus and on the visual cortex (V1). In the 1990s, working with David Heeger and J Anthony Movshon he refined and provided evidence for Heeger's normalization model of V1 responses.[1][2]

Together with David Ferster he characterized the relationship between synaptic excitation, synaptic inhibition, membrane potential, and firing rate in visual cortex [3][4] and discovered that prolonged visual stimulation causes a tonic hyperpolarization in V1 neurons.[5]

More recent work concerns the characterization of fast adaptive mechanisms in the responses of the early visual system,[6][7] a comparison with the properties of natural images [8] and a test of the resulting models in the responses to complex natural stimuli.[9]

External links

References

  1. PMID 8191289 (PubMed)
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  2. PMID 9334433 (PubMed)
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  3. PMID 10938316 (PubMed)
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  4. PMID 10627623 (PubMed)
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  5. PMID 9139658 (PubMed)
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  6. PMID 16306397 (PubMed)
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  7. PMID 16291931 (PubMed)
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  8. PMID 16286933 (PubMed)
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  9. PMID 18498742 (PubMed)
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